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Dated: December 12, 2014

World War II - Italian Campaign

Reference Books & Reading Material

My Reference Books are grouped into the following categories:

     Combat and Unit Histories        CLICK TO GO
     Biographies and Specific Topics     CLICK TO GO
     Mussolini & The Fascists       CLICK TO GO
     Pamphlets & WW2-era Publications   CLICK TO GO
     Official Records, Photos, Maps & Other - Archived Material  CLICK TO GO
     General WW2 Manuls & Material - Softbound    CLICK TO GO

    These books are listed in no particular order as a quick guide for anyone who is searching material on the Italian Campaign from 1943-1945. The brief description is intended to help the reader determine if this is the book that is needed for their library. Some of the unit history books written at the end of the war are sanitized, meaning there are few references to US losses or casualties. I will be glad to provide a better description or any information from these books to assist in your research.
   Many of these books are printed prior to 1965.  Except for the booklets, very few are paperbacks. The booklets and manuals of last two categories are paperbacks issued to troops during the war. I've color-coded the Titles to indicate which books were printed before the end of the war, as follows:
       Book Titles(in purple)= printed during or immediately after the War
       Book Titles(in green)= printed after the war. However, some are modern reprints of older books.
       Book Titles(in red)= Published after 1999. Books that you can buy now to build your library.
          softbound  = indicates softbound versions of the book.
       91st Division  = Units are hightlighted in text for quick reference.

Explanation of my review comments:
History - A good historical account of events of the war. Should be easy to read & not dry.
Unit History -  A detailed account of one division or regiment.
Personal account - Describes the events from an individual(s) level. (Ex: The Longest Day.)
Oral History - Written from interviews.  Usually no continuity through book.
Reference - Basic reference material; such as maps, organization, casualty figures. If a history book is too difficult for casual reading, then it is categorized as a Reference book.
Discussion or Analytical - Author presents arguments and opinions.
PhotosGlossy finish refers to special paper inserted in books for photos.
               Plain paper refers to photos printed on same page as text.
Newsprint  - Some WW2-era booklets were printed on newsprint paper, which yellow over time.

       Icon for Book Reviews    Open Book icon next to a book title is a link to a Book Review.
          New symbol denotes newest addition to my Library and to this page.

Combat and Unit History Books

US Army Series
   Official US Army History Series 
The 26-volume Official history of the US Army history in WW2 as published by the Center for Military History and printed in 1960-1970.  Originally these green-bound volumes were available through any US Printing Office(USPO).  The US Army Official History books are a good general history without embellishment--- but with plenty of maps. 
50th Anniversary Commerative Edition    - The 50th Anniversary Edition of above books were printed either softbound  or black hardbound with the fold-out maps in an envelope.
The Mediterranean Theater series includes the following 4 volumes which cover the campaigns in North Africa, Sicily and the mainland Italy.   The two volumes, "Salerno to Cassino"& "Cassino to the Alps", cover the entire campaign in Italy, with the latter one just the period when the 85th Division was in combat.

"Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative in the West"-  George F. Howe.  History of entry of the US Army into WW2 combat in the Mediterranean.  Begins with the landings in western coast and the loss at Kasserine and the final thrust into Bizerte.   A whopping 748 pages.  21 maps in text & 8 color fold-out maps. USPO, 1957.

"Sicily and the Surrender of Italy"-  Lt.-Col. Albert N. Garland & Howard McGaw Smyth & Martin Blumenson.  Covers amphibious landings in Sicily and General Patton's race to reach Messina before the British.  Includes a history of the secret negotiations and capitulation of the Italian government.  Includes a complete organization table of US forces that landed on Sicily on 9 July.  609 pages.  8 maps in text & 8 color  fold-out maps. USPO, 1965.

"Salerno to Cassino"  - by Martin Blumenson. Covers the initial landings at Salerno and continues up through Anzio and Cassino, but prior to the final offensive in May 1944.  Has a good National Geographic map of Italy. 491 pages.  9 maps in text & 8 color fold-out maps, including a National Geographic map of Italy.  USPO, 1969.  
"Cassino to the Alps"  - Ernest F. Fisher, Jr.  Covers campaign from May 11 offensive to the capture of Rome and through to the end of war. One of several volumes of official US Army history.   584 pages.  11 maps in text & 16 color fold-out maps. USPO, 1977.

 "Pictorial History of WW2: The War Against Germany and Italy; Mediterranean and Adjacent Areas"  - Photo history of US fighting in Tunisia, Sicily, Italy and southern France--- a large portion is devoted to Italy. A good source for photos of equipment and front-line conditions. Most photos have a good identification of equipment but not the specifics, such as unit. Estimate there are 500 photos in this book.  465 pages with Index.  Pictures on every page with a few intro pages with text. No maps. USPO.

Other CMH Publications:  Booklets   -  US Army History - 50th Anniversary Edition  (softbound):
 "From the Volturno to the the Winter Line " - Published by the War Department's Historical Division, this booklet covers the period between 6 October to 15 November, 1943. 119 pages with maps and photos. Foldout map 20 X 14 inches with troop movement for this period.
 "Fifth Army At the Winter Line" - This booklet covers the period between 15 November, 1943 to 15 January 1944. 117 pages with maps and photos.

"15th Army Group History: 16 December 1944 - 2 May 1945" - Battery Press, 1989. After Rome was captured, General Mark Clark was promoted from commander of 5th Army to commander of the 15th Army Group. A dry history describing the movement of the Allied units through the Po Valley but one of the few resources on this subject. It includes some photos and documents and a complete organizational table listing all units in both the US 5th Army and British 8th Army in appendix. 214 pages. ISBN 0-89839-128-8. See Capture of Imola for excerts of this book.

"19 Days" - Battery Press. Hard back book covers the mad dash across the Po River Valley to the base of the Alps from April 21 to May 2, 1945. Includes some details about exact crossing sites of Po River by the different divisions. Basically a modern reprint and compilation of two earlier publications:
    "19 Days, From the Appennines to the Alps: The Story of the Po Valley Campaign". Printed in Milan in 1945, 90 pages, softbound booklet and
   "The Final Campaign across Northwest Italy, 14 April - 2 May 1945" by Headquarters IV Corps.

"An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942-1943" - by Rick Atkinson.  This is the first in a trilogy on the campaign in Mediterranean. Describes in detail the American entry into WW2 with the invasion of North Africa and the eventual link up with the British forces at Tunisia.   Excellent book for reading or reference.   681 pages, 32 pages of glossy photos, 18 maps. 2002 ISBN 0-8050-6288-2.

"The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944" - by Rick Atkinson.  This is the second book in his trilogy; the third volume has yet to be published. Details the invasion of Sicily and the early campaigns in Italy that lead up to the battles of Cassino.  This volume ends with the fall of Rome on 4 June 1944.  791 pages, 32 pages of glossy photos, 20 maps. 2007 ISBN 978-0-8050-6289-2.
   Note: Atkinson's third volume in the trilogy was released in May 2013, entitled "The Guns at Last Light".  This new volume does not continue the history of the Italian Campaign where this previous volume ended. Instead it is a history of the European battles for France and Germany.   

"The Allied Forces in Italy; 1943- 1945" - by Guido Rosignoli. Includes a brief history of different campaigns and a short paragraph on Allied divisions plus an organizational table listing the regiments. Has color sketches and photos of uniforms worn by different units. This is a handy reference book for unit insignia, badges, & patches worn by American, British, Indian, Canadian and even organization of various units. 160 pages, 28 color plates, 10 maps (including copy of a Polish map). 1989  ISBN 0715392123.

"The Italian Campaign" - by John Strawson. A British officer re-examines the factors that influenced the Italian campaign based on new information released 30 years after the war. A fair discussion on the reasons for the Allied campaign in Italy. He includes some details from the front lines by drawing from his experience in 4th Hussars. A required analytical book for those who ask: "Was the Italian Campaign necessary?"  221 pages, 22 photos, 4 maps.  Published by Secker & Warburg, 1987. ISBN 0-436-49993-2.

 "War in Italy, 1943-1945" - by  Field Marshall Lord Carver. Subtitled "The campaign that tipped the War in Europe".  A nice, general history of the Italian campaign, interspersed with first-hand accounts of the fighting on the British front.  The author was a tank commander in Italy and France.  The narratives seem to take up too much of the book.  The maps only show geographical features and the front lines; does not show troops locations nor movements.  (I had to go to London to get my copy.)
 350 pages, 24 pgs of glossy photos.  Sidwick & Jackson in association with Imperial War Museum. 2001.  ISBN 0-283-07294-6

"Tug of War: The Battle for Italy; 1943-45" - by Dominick Graham & Shelford Bidwell.  Another British book that seems to be slanted to their prespective, but I have not read it yet. 445 pages, 8 pages photos of the commanders printed on plain paper, good Index. A few maps & a sketch of Cassino front. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd., 1986.

 "Soft Underbelly: The Anglo-American Controversy over the Italian Campaign 1939-1945" - by Trumbull Higgins.   Described as the first complete American account that analyzes the policies and strategems by the British to divert the Allied cross-channel invasion in favor of a limited land offensive in the Mediterranean theater.  275 pages.  Index only. 1968 MacMillian Co., NY and Collier-MacMillian Ltd in UK.

 "War in Italy, 1943-1945: A Brutal Story" - by Richard Lamb.  Another British book that covers the last year of the war, with good information on partisans, the Royal army and the war's impact on the Italian civilians.  Another view of the attrocities against the partisans and the Jews and both pro & con about the Pope's stand on the subject.  Author served as a British liason officer with the Friuli Division and claims that this unit was the first one to enter Bologna.  335 pages(softbound), photos, Index, Appdx.  DaCapo Press, 1996.  ISBN 0306806886

"Salerno" - by Hugh Pond. Story of the invasion of first amphibious assault on Italy at Salerno, September 8, 1943. A concise, well written book with some photos. Follow-up to his first book, "Sicily". 269 pages, 8 pages of photos. Nice map in front. Little, Brown and Co., 1961 and William Kimber & Co, Ltd in UK.

"Salerno: A Military Fiasco" - by Eric Morris.  Another book that describes and analyzes the Salerno invasion.  Have not read it yet. Appendix include good organizational tables. 358 pages, 12 pages of glossy photos, 6 Appendices & good Index. A few maps. Stein and Day Pub., 1983.

"Salerno 1943: Operation Avalanche" -  by Angelo Pesce.  This is a hugh 10 x 13-inch book loaded with photos of the fighting around Salerno. The first 88 pages are a history written in Italian, but the remaining pages are nothing but photos with both Italian and English captions. The last 30 pages are full page color scenes of the battlefield as seen today. A must-have book as these photos are not found in most books printed in U.S.   446 pages, ~700 photos, 7 maps, 5 organizational charts. The Falcon Press, Naples, 1993.

"Anzio: Edge of Disaster"- by William L. Allen.  Nice overview and details on the struggle for the beachhead at Anzio.  Small format book for high school level.  181 pages, with photos on plain paper.  3 maps.  Talisman/Parrish Books, 1978.  ISBN 0-525-93003-5.

"Fatal Decision: Anzio and the Battle for Rome" - by Carlo D'Este. A detailed history book of the Anzio campaign with personal accounts of action in battle. Covers a lot of the issues of higher command; such as the decision and planning of the invasion and Clark's decision to capture Rome. But the best part is the story of the battles. Highly recommend this as the first book to include in your library. 556 pages(softbound) Appendices include an organization tables. Hardbound: Harper Collins 1991.  Softbound: Harper Perennial 1992  ISBN 0-06-092148-X.

"Bloody River; The Real Tragedy of Rapido" - by Martin Blumenson (author one of above of US Army series). This book describes the Allied crossing of the Rapido River at the base of Monte Cassino in Italy in January 1944 that stands out as one of the most bitter failures of WW2. The 36th "Texas" Division was caught in a cross-fire from well-entrenched German panzer division. A study of the leaders, decisions and problems with the assault; but not much about the fighting. 157 pages, 8 pages of photos, Apdx of organizational charts. Houghton Mifflin Co. 1970.

"The Gothic Line" - by Douglas Orgill. The Allied offensive in Italy in the autumn of 1944 plunged the British 8th Army and US 5th Army into some of the fiercest fighting of the war. Against them were two great German armies, 10th and 14th, who were defending from a chain of mountains that stretched across Italy's Northern Apennines. Written from a British view; places small emphasis on US participation. 257 pages, 6 maps, 2 organizational charts. W.W. Norton & Co. 1967.

"The Gothic Line:  Canada's Month of Hell in World War II Italy "  - 2nd in Mark Zuehlke's trilogy on the Canadian Army in Italy.  This is a complete history of Canada's participation in the battle to break the Gothic Line in August & September 1944.  Includes first-hand accounts from veterans who were there.   551 pages.  5 Maps with units. 16 pages of glossy photos, appendix, Index.   Douglas & McIntyre, 2003.  (softbound)  ISBN 1-55365-023-9.

"Ortona:  Canada's Epic World War II Battle "  - by Mark Zuehlke.  A masterful study of the battle by the 1st Canadian Division in December 1943.  The 8th Army planned a diversionary attack along the east coast that would drive to Pescara and then over the mountains, thus drawing the enemy from the Cassino front.  The Canadians were given the task to attack across the Moro River and drive through Ortona.  But this town was heavily defended by German paratroopers.  443 pages.  Maps with units. 16 pages of glossy photos, appendix, Index.   Douglas & McIntyre, 2003.  (softbound)  ISBN 1-55054-557-4.

"85th Infantry Division in World War II" by Paul L. Schultz.  Full of detailed history and facts of 85th 'Custer' Division, such as training in US and even includes a brief history of its WW1 experience. This is the best info on the participation of the 85th Division in the Italian Campaign.  Good maps. Written just after the war, it does not contain any of the negative news; i.e., info on casualties. 240 pages and 24 pages of photos(not real clear) and 14 maps. Battery Press 1949 (Reprinted 1979). Appendix includes citations for Medal of Honor & Distinguished Units. ISBN 0-89839-019-2.

 "History of the 3rd Battalion, 338th Infantry Regiment,  85th Infantry Division"  by Captain Harry J. Goodyear. A brief history of one portion of the 85th Division.  Provides a good description on small unit actions.  Small format, hardbound edition. 131 pages, no maps. Campus Publishing Co. 1946

"The Blue Devils in Italy; A History of the 88th Infantry Division in World War II" by John Delaney. The 88th 'Blue Devil' Division served 344 days of combat and lost 15,173 officers and men killed, wounded and missing.  This is an excellent account of their combat in Italy.  Maps are very basic sketches. Includes interesting chapters covering their occupation duty after the war ended.  Appendices of casualties and decorations. 359 pages, pictures, maps and over 15 chapters. Originally published 1947 Infantry Journal Inc. (Reprint 1988).

"The Blue Devil 'Battle Mountain' Regiment in Italy"- by John E. Wallace, subtitled- "A History of the 350th Infantry Regiment, 1944-1945". A very detailed and somewhat technical history of the 350th Regiment, 88th 'Blue Devil' Division.  A lot of info is crowded into this small book. Sometimes it lacks explanation of military terms and symbols. Includes many detailed accounts of individuals in combat and the names of people those involved. Many of the maps are too small or faint to read, but the sketches made at the front lines are great. 266 pages, photos, maps and sketches. Extensive references but no index. Battery Press, 1981 (First Ed- 1977). ISBN 0-89839-052-4.

  "Draftee Division; The 88th Infantry Division in WW2" - by Brig-General John Sloan Brown (grandson of General Sloan), Chief of Military History. A study of the concept and performance of the draftee division or conscripted American troops. This specifically details the 88th Division and contains some facts on the 85th Custer Division. This book has a few good tables and even some photos but this is NOT a combat history of this unit. (I do not own this book. See book review for details.)

"91st  Division" - by Major Robert Robbins. This unit history of the 91st 'Powder River' Division is one of the best as it has it all:  an overall history of the division, great maps, and many personal accounts of combat. The Forward states this was the first book written on this subject and relied mostly on records and personal accounts of the 91st Division. Includes simple sketches made for the book. Also includes detailed maps; many tracing unit advances in 3 colors.  423 pages. Color maps, photos and sketches scattered throughout book. Infantry Journal Press, 1947. (Previous owner of my copy was George A. Julius, probably of 361st Regiment.)  ISBN 0-89839-297-7

 "History of the 363rd Infantry Regiment" - by Captain Ralph E. Strootman.  A great unit history on the 363rd Regiment of the 91st "Powder River" Division.  This book has detailed history with maps similiar in detail to those found in Robbins' book.  Roster includes Company C of both 316 Medical and 316th Engineers and 347 Field Artillery.  354 pages. Photos and artist sketches.  Appendices for Honor Roll, awards, battle statistics and roster.  Journal Press, 1947. 

"Thunder in the Appennines: The Story of the 361st Infantry Regiment in Italy" - by Roy Livengood. This is a detailed history of the 361st Regiment of the 91st Division (which fought to left of 85th Division at the Gothic Line). Drawing from several sources, it tells the story of the hard fighting in the Appennines. Appendix contains list of veterans of the 361st Association as of 1978.  Published by 361st Association in 1981. Many photos. 473 pages. [Autographed]

"Buffalo Soldiers in Italy; Black Americans in World War II" - by Hondon B. Hargrove.  A short history of the  92nd 'Buffalo' Division, plus attaching units.  A good history of the battles and individual acts of bravery.  Contains well-written analysis of their combat and their overall performance.  Good discussion about opinion and treatment of the black troops by the higher-level commanders. 200 pages, 16 pages photos  Apdx. 5 Maps. McFarland & Co. 1985.  ISBN 0-89950-116-8.

"Buffalo Soldiers; The 92nd Infantry Division & Reinforcements in WW2" - by Thomas St. John Arnold, Plans & Operational Officer for 92nd Division. A short history of the combat experiences of the all Negro 92nd Division, plus the units that were attached, such as 442nd RCT. This unit fought on the western coastline of Italy. 245 pages(softbound), 5 Apdx, many photos & cartoons scattered throughout text. 2 Maps of Genoa. Sunflower Univ Press, 1990.     ISBN 0-89745-127-9.

"The Battle History of the 1st Armored Division"- by George Howe.  This book covers the complete history of the 1st 'Old Ironsides' Armored Division from North Africa to the battles in Italy.  A superb historical reference in every detail with few personal stories, which can be distracting.  This book helps to explain the many re-organizations and special task forces that the 1st AD took part in.  Makes reference to other units that fought with them.  Excellent info for anyone interested in armored units.  471 pages, 300+ photos and maps. Apdx compares the range and effectivity of German & Allied armor.  No rosters. 1954.

"Eager For Duty"  -  Unit history of the 157th Infantry Regiment of the 45th Division from 6 June 1943 to 8 May 1945.  Good details of this regiment as it fought in Sicily, Italy, France and Germany.  Includes dates, unit names, leaders and some great stories from the front. Last chapter is on Dachau.  Fold-out pages with large, color map sketches. 192 pages.  List Honors and awards.  Photos.  Printed in 1946 by Army & Navy Publishing Company.

"The Rock of Anzio: From Sicily to Dachau: A History of the 45th Infantry Division"- by Flint Whitlock.  A new book about the 45th 'Thunderbird' Division as told by interviews with several veterans.  Based on archives, photos, letters, diaries, previously classified official records, and scores of personal interviews with surviving veterans.  The title is misleading to a degree since this covers the entire history of the division both in Italy and Germany.  There is a special chapter that investigates the shooting of German guards at Dachau concentration camp. 479 pages, 55 photos and 26 maps. 1998.  ISBN: 0-8133-3399-7.  (Softbound - ISBN: 0-8133-3687-2 )

"Attack!  Attack! Attack! : History of the 'Famous' 34th Infantry Division"- by Lt. Col. John H. Hougen.  This is a large format book about the 34th 'Red Bull' Division.  This book is written in a news-print format with large font titles at the start of each article.  There is a a lot of details even though the articles are short.  It is pretty good reference book and would be even better if the maps were clearer.  A large selection of photos, including informal ones of the officers of various units.  No page numbers. No index or appendix. 1949.  Excellent quality reprint by Battery Press ( ISBN: 0-89839-024-9)

"The Texas Army; A History of the 36th Division in the Italian Campaign" - by Robert L. Wagner.  A great compilation from several sources on the 36th "Texas" Division while they were in Italy. The preface refers to "this volume" as if there is a follow-on book.  Some maps are an eye-level view of the battlefield.   285 pages.  16 Maps & 36 photos printed on plain paper.  State House Press, 1972.

"T-Patch to Victory; The 36th "Texas" Division": France, Germany & Austria - by Col. Vincent M. Lockhart.  A 'new' book about the 36th Division in France.  I list this book only to note that it does not cover any of the period while they were in Italy. 325 pages.  Maps & B&W photos printed on plain paper.  Staked Plains Press, 1981.

"The Devils' Brigade" - by Robert Adleman and Colonel George Walton. This is a detailed oral history of the 1st Special Service Forces that was formed from American and Canadian soldiers. It covers some of the early organization by Colonel Frederick and the training in Helena, Montanna. Their first assault was the scaling of the 200-foot cliff of the Monte la Difensa in Italy. Later they commanded a 10-mile portion of the Anzio front where their nightly patrols earned them the name Schwartzteufeln, or "Black Devils." The 1968 movie by the same name, staring William Holden and Cliff Roberson, was based on this unit. Book has alot of details and documentation, including text of memos, but it doesn't tell the story in a continuous flow; it is more like excerpts of interviews.

"No Greater Ally" - by Kenneth K. Koskodan.   A general history and overview of the Poland's forces that fought to defend their country in 1939 and their contributions to the Allies througout the campaigns in Italy and Europe.  Osprey Publications(one of their first hardback books) 272 pages, 32 pages of glossy photos. 2009 ISBN 978 1 84603 365 0.

"Poles in the Italian Campaign; 1943-1945 "- by Olgierd Terlecki.  A short history of the Polish troops that came from Soviet prisoners.  One chapter describes the Polish commandos early in the war.  Another describes the Polish navy off the Italian coast.  Also, describes the Polish RAF squadrons flights to aide the Warsaw uprisings.  Good details on various units of the II Polish Corps136 pages, photos maps. 9 X 4-3/4 format. Interpress Publishers 1972.

"The History of the Fallschrim-PanzerKorps Herman Goring" - by Franz Kurowski.  A very detailed history of the organization and history of the Herman Goring Division as it went from a police battalion to a flak regiment then to a division serving in Italy and finally to a corps on the Russian front.  Contains some very detailed info but not a lot of personal accounts.  With no index and its odd outline, this makes the book difficult to use as a reference source.  474 pages, 5 Appd, 18 map sketches(German text) and loads of photos on glossy paper, but no Index.  Appendices includes several Org charts or tables down to company level and tables of armaments, wearers of the Knights Cross, commanders and important dates.  Fedorowicz Publishing Co. (Canada) 1995.  ISBN 0-921991-25-8.  See book review for more details & history of HG Division.

"Air War Italy, 1944-45 "  - by Nick Beale.  Subtitled“The Axis Air Forces from the Liberation of Rome to the Surrender”.  Any book that covers the history after June 1944 is unique.  This reference book is a daily log of the flights and combat over northern Italy.  Therefore, any research on a specific subject is rather cumbersome.  Includes both German and Italian fighters and bombers.  The Allied victories are mentioned but this is not the primary focus.  Appendices include sketches of air bases and table of aircraft found at end of the war.  2 maps showing locations of airports and radar installations.  12 pgs of color side views of aircraft.  Loads of photos.  232 pgs.  Index, Appdx.  Co-authors Fernando D’Amico & Gabriele Valentini.  Airlife Publishing Ltd. 1996.  ISBN  1-85310-252-0.

"The 451st Bomb Group of WW2: A Pictorial History "  - by Mike Hill.  Lots of photos and a little bit of history.  This book covers the 451st BG that flew B-24's out of Castellucia, Italy with the 15th Air Force.  This book is full of action photos and B-24 nose art.  The history is the story of the group with some accounts of how aircraft and crew were lost.  Includes a list of the missions and a list of 300 aircraft that served with this unit.  No appendix.  160 pgs. Schiffer Military History, 2001.  ISBN 0-7643-1287-1.

"The War North of Rome: June 1944 - May 1945 "  - by Thomas  R. Brooks.  I wasn't interested in this book at first, because it was modern and it seemed to only skim over the events.  After realizing it was a thick book, I decided it must contain some new information.  The book is an overview of the campaigns during the last year of the war.  There is no mention of the air forces. Very little first hand accounts. 422 pgs. Photos(poor quality).  Index, Appdx 2002.  ISBN  0785814000.

"Impossible Victory: A Personal Account of the Battle for the River Po "  - Brian Harpur. The author served with British 8th Army. He gives a lengthy intro on the Italian Campaign and includes news scoops from post-war interviews of 3 main leaders: McCreery, Clark and Alexander. He tells some personal stories of his close calls including a face-to-face confrontation with a Tiger tank (just like "Kelly's Heroes"). But his stories and his eloquent, and sometimes incorrect, grammar adds little substance to the study of this campaign. The only redeeming value of this book is that it provides a little insight into the British front lines.  Even the title is confusing:  Impossible Victory? 202 pages, 1 map, 12 pages of photos, 7 Appdx & Index.  Hippocrene Books 1981.

"The Canadians In Italy, 1943-1945" - Vol II - by Lt.-Col. G.W. Nicholson. The official history of the 1st Canadian Division in Italy during WWII. This thick volume covers the period from the Allied decision to invade Sicily until the Canadians were pulled out in February 1945. This reference book has a highly detailed index that is sub-divided by Allied and German units. The appendices include order of battle and commanders.  So exhaustive, its hard to read.  807 pages, including 25 very detailed & colorful maps, 14 B&W maps and 53 photos. A short version of the Official History was published in 1947; this is second volume of a later and more exhaustive work.  (no date)

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Biographies & Specific Topics

"Calculated Risk" - by General Mark W. Clark, CO of 15th Army Group. Maybe this book will explain why Clark made some of the decisions that he did, such as going for Rome and letting the German Army escape or the bombing of the Monte Cassino monastery. This book relates what he did and has a few stories from the front. For example; the time he read to a group of Colonels the released promotion list; he intentionally read Eisenhower's name last. [General Clark later wrote a book on his experiences in Korean War, "From the Danube to the Yalu".] 500 pages, 17 pg of glossy photos, 30 small maps. Harper & Brothers, 1950.

 "Alex" - by Nigle Nicolson. A biography of the British commander of all the ground forces in Italy; Major-General Sir Harold Alexander.  Good quality book with detail info on this important leader of WW2.  General Alexander was born in Ireland, the son of an earl.  He served with distinction with the Irish Guards in World War 1.  After commanding the retreats of Dunkirk and Burma, he was knighted and given command in North Africa.  346 pages, 16 pg of glossy photos, 12 maps. Atheneum, (Murray Printing Co in US) 1973. ISBN 0-689-10552-5.

"The Memoirs of Field-Marshal Kesselring" - Auotbiography of Albert Kesselring, the commander of all German troops in Italy(OBSW) until March, 1945. He was condemned to death, but later released in 1952. Before his death in 1960, he wrote his memoirs under the title "Soldat bis zum letzten Tag"- a soldier to the last day. Written in 3 parts: (a) WW1 experiences and early days in Luftwaffe, (b) Italian Campaign, & (c) his final command in Germany and his arrest and imprisonment. Book is a little hard to read, since it was translated from German by an Englishman. Kesselring assumes the reader is knowledgeable of some history of German command decisions and events. It starts right off using abbreviations GSO and GOC without any definition of what it means. It could use a lot more commas(,). Still, a must read. 319 pages. 6 pages of Glossy photos. English version printed by Presido, 1989. ISBN 0-89141-353-7.

"Neither Fear Nor Hope" -  by General Frido von Senger Und Etterlin, the defender of Cassino.  General von Senger describes his experiences serving in the German Army in Russia, Sicily and Italy, where he was in command of the 14th Panzer Corps.  He describes the Cassino campaign and critiques the Allied decisions but there is not much history on the latter year of the war.  Includes one chapter on his captivity and his association with the Dostler war crimes trial.   368 pages, 16 pgs photos on text pages, 14 maps. Greenhill Books, 1989.  ISBN  1-85367-027-8.

"Monte Cassino" - by David Hapgood. There are many books on the battles for Cassino; this is not one. This details the action initiated by a doctor in the Herman Goering Division who tries to save the art and documents stored in the Monte Cassino Abbey, including treasures from Naples. It describes the events that lead up to the Germans occupation of the prominent fortress area and the eventual mass bombing of the monastery. Based on Major Becker's 1968 report, interview with General Clark, Allied mission reports, and diaries of General Senger and many of the monks. It quotes from the diary of the monks who were not evacuated until just prior to the bombing. Co-author, David Richardson. 269 pages, dozens of photos, Maps on inside cover. Congdon & Weed, Inc, 1984.

"Death in Rome" - by Robert Katz. Great book-- reads like a novel with good documentation. A revealing story of one of the most horrible episodes in Italy-- the execution of 335 Italians in the Ardeatine Caves. On March 23, 1944, a group of partisans attacked a column of SS troops and killed 32. Hitler ordered the execution of 10 Italians for every one German within 24 hours. This is a very interesting book with a lot of details on the personalities of both sides. Includes details of behind-the-scene planning of the massacre, selection of prisoners to be executed (like a Schindler's list in reverse) and other info, such as General Wolff's plan to deport the entire male population of Rome. 334 pages. Appendices include list of names killed in the caves. Macmillan Company, 1967.

"Rome Fell Today" - by Adleman, Robert H. and Colonel George Walton. Despite the title, this book covers the events from May to June 5, 1944, that lead up to the capture of Rome. The main focus is on the US participation and that of II Corps.  He also defends General Mark Clark and the strategy of the Italian Campaign.  336 pages. Photographs printed on regular paper. Little, Brown, and company, Boston, 1968, 1st ed.

"The Race For Rome" - by Dan Kurzman.   The author interviewed civilians and soldiers of all nationalities for this oral history of the events in and around Rome.  The book describes some of the combat at Cassino.  It mainly focuses on the civilians who suffered at the hands of the Germans and the French goumiers.  It has some information on the partisan groups and leaders.  488 pages, with 20 photos printed on the text pages.  Doubleday, 1975.  ISBN:0-385-06555-8.

"Silence on Monte Sole" - by Jack Olsen. A well-researched book on a little known subject; the massacre of 1800 Italian citizens by the SS in fall of 1944. Told as a story based on eye-witness accounts. My brother contacted the author; this is the only history book the author wrote. Click on open book icon for the Book Review and more details and a map of the location of this dreadful atrocity. G. P. Putnam and Sons, New York, 1968.

 "Disaster At Bari" - by Glenn B. Infield.   An account of the German attack on the Allied port at Bari on December 2, 1943.  The successful attack became a tragedy when the SS John Harvey was hit while carrying 100 tons of mustard gas bombs.  301 pages, with 16 pages of photos.  Diagrams of harbor.  Macmillian Company, 1971.

"The Other Italy: The Italian Resistance in WW2" - by Maria de Blasio Wilhelm.  The resistance in Italy sprang up independantly in all the cities.  That results in a disjointed history.  Each chapter is a theme based on eye-witness accounts.  The 1st chapter is an excellent short history of the resistance as it grew with the rise of Fascism.  272 pages. Index, Photos scattered throughout book. W.W. Norton & Co., 1988.  ISBN  0-393-02568-3.

"Hitler's Pope; The Secret History of Pius XII" - by John Cornwell. Cornwell began research for this book in an attempt to show the Pope had tried to relieve the plight of the Jews. Instead, his research in the Vatican archives proved the opposite. Eugene Pacelli was the Papal Nuncio(ambassador) in Germany and thought authoritarian governments were easier to deal with. As Cardinal Secretary of State before the war, Pacelli pursued Vatican diplomatic goals that crippled Germany's large Catholic political party, which might otherwise have stymied Hitler's worst excesses or even changed the election. The book covers Pacelli's formative years and the decisions he made. Cornwell seems to repeat himself: its as if he doesn't expect the reader will read the entire book. Otherwise, easy reading, even for non-Catholics. 426 pages, softbound.  Penguin Putnam Inc, 1999 & Penguin Books 2000.   ISBN: 0140296271

"And There Shall Be Wars: WW2 Diaries And Memoirs" - by Wilmer "Bud" Wgner.  The sub-title is a little misleading, as this is the diary of one soldier who served in 151stField Artillery Battalion, 34th "Red Bull Division".   Corporal Wagner has added commentary to his diary that spans from April 1941 to July 1945.  He first served as a cook and then later as a messenger.  This latter job required him to drive to the various HQ's under cover of night.  This account survived because Bud hid his diaries and his "forbidden Kodak 828" from being confiscated.  Good description of his experiences in training and in combat in North Africa and Italy. 536 pgs, 178 photos & Appendices. Wilmer & Lloyd Wagner Publishing, 2000.   softbound [Autographed copy]
[Click on book icon for an external website advertisement for this book.  Includes photos.]

"Alone and Unarmed" - by Ernest Kowalik. Staff Sgt. Kowalik was a Army pilot for the 88th Division's artillery ---the only pilot who was not an officer.  He flew an L-4 Piper Cub to spot for the artillery; he was the pilot and the observer.  This is a great account of the experiences of an Army pilot in Italy.  Sgt Kowalik tells it like it was without any distracting dialogue.
 305 pages, many photos, small index.  Glenn Curtis Press, 2005 ISBN 0-9763058-0-1.  [Autographed ]     PX  BOOK AVAILABLE, CLICK TO ORDER.

"Long Walk Through War: A Combat Doctor's Diary" - by Klaus H. Huebner. Detailed diary of a German immigrant who was a Captain with 88th Division, 349th Regiment. He saw front line duty while serving as an assistant battalion surgeon. He tells about experiences treating wounding while under fire by small arms and artillery and in mine fields where he earned the Bronze Star. He gives a lot of detail, not only place but dates and times, and the other divisions that were near them. Well written, but he could have left out the risqué stories of his night life. 207 pgs, 5 maps, 25 pgs of photos & index. Texas A&M Univ, 1987. ISBN 0-89096-320-7.  [Autographed ]

"Through My Eyes:  91st Infantry Division in the Italian Campaign, 1942-1945 "  - by Leon Weckstein.   A personal account of a soldier in the 91st Division.  He claims that he had orders to watch the Leaning Tower of Pisa and direct artillery on it if any enemy were seen in it. Good details about the places and men of his unit but he doesn't identify his unit.  193 pages.  Photo on white paper and sketches from other references on 91st Division.  Includes Bill Mauldin's cartoons.  Hellgate Press, OR, 2003.  (softbound)  ISBN 1-55571-497-8.

"A Staff Officer in the Fifth Army: Sicily, Salerno, Anzio" - by Major Edmund F. Ball.  A narrative account of Major Ball's service in the Fifth Army where he served as an aide to Gen. Clark in North Africa and a Army Air Force liason officer in Sicily and Salerno.  Book has details about officers, such as who was killed or promoted, but doesn't go into detail about the events behind the important decisions of the campaign. Expositioin Press, 1958. [Autographed to Author's nephew.]

 "Pebbles From My Skull" - by Stuart Hood.  A narrative account of a British Intelligience Officer who was captured at El Alamein.  He escaped a PW camp in Italy and served with the partisans. 153 pages  Hutchinson & Co. LTD. 1963.

"Out of the Italian Night: Wellington Bomber Operations 1944-45" - by Maurice G. Lihou.  A detailed account of the British 205th Bomber Group that flew missions out of Italy.  The author relates his account of his service with good info on the unit.  Appendices include a list of targets and the number of aircraft that participated and were lost and a list of the author’s missions. 196 pages, B&W photos printed throughout, Index.  Softbound, Airlife Classic, 2000.  ISBN 1-84037-405-5.

"Invasion Diary" - by Richard Tregaskis. An account of fighting in Sicily and Italy written by a journalist from July 1943 to January 1945. A few good stories of combat by an observer. Example; he flew a photo recon mission with Col. Elliot Roosevelt. 245 pages & 16 pages of photos. Appendices include an organization tables. Random House - 1944.

"Brave Men"- by Pulitzer-prize winner Ernie Pyle. This depressed, frail hypochondriac became America's best-loved and most widely read war correspondent. His articles provided mothers and family back home a ray of hope that our US troops were being treated well and just might survive this war. The GI's loved him because Pyle took risks when he visited them at the front lines.  This book contains interviews with GI's at Anzio and 45th Division in Italy. Index includes names and hometowns of the GI's that Pyle met and interviewed.    Publisher Henry Holt & Co. - 1944 (Reprinted several times).  

"Naples '44" - by Norman Lewis, British Intelligence. A personal diary of the author's experiences in Naples during the Allied occupation.  He served in the British Field Security Service but was attached to the US 5th Army.  The first entry in the diary begins with the invasion forces off Salerno.  He describes the conditions and despair of the civilian population, including problems with black market, poverty, prostitution and disease.  Recommended reading for the impact of war on civilians. Dates include Sept. 8, 1943, to October 24, 1944.   206 pages, Patheon Books, 1978. ISBN 0-394-50354-6.

"The Man Who Never Was" - by Ewen Montagu. The documented story of British intelligence Operation Mincemeat; which planted false information to make the Germans believe that Sicily was not the site of Allied landing in July 1943. The information was planted on a body disguised as a Royal Marine courier, Major Martin, complete with identification, love letters, theater ticket stubs, etc. Major Martin was dropped off coast of Spain to appear as an aircraft accident. A recent TV documentary identified the "body" as that of a man who failed the physical for British Army and, due to excessive drinking, died of pneumonia. He served his country after his death more than many soldiers.   I read this book for a high school book report. Made into a movie in 1956. 160 pages. Photos of documents and Major Martin.   J. B. Lippincot, 1954.

"Montgomery's Desert Army" - Osprey's softbound booklet by John Wilkinson-Latham.  A nice reference book on the British Army and its campaign in North Africa.  Detail photos and drawings on uniforms.  Includes a complete order of battle for the British 8th Army for October 1942.   40 pages, 7.3 x 9.8 inch.  Osprey Pub Co, 1977. (one of their earliest booklets)

"Canadian Forces in World War II" - Osprey's softbound booklet by Rene Chartrand.  An overview of the formation of the Canadian forces and their uniforms.  Includes a table of every Canadian regiment and where they served in WW2.  Detail photos and drawings.  Tables on chronology of war and highlander colors.  A good beginner study of Canadian shoulder insignia.   48 pages, 7.3 x 9.8 inch.  Osprey Pub Co, 2001.

"The German Defences in Italy in World War II" - Osprey's softbound booklet on Fortresses by Neil Short.  Details on the 34 defense lines that were planned and how they were constructed.  Detail drawings on the installations of Panzer I & II tank turrents, 88-mm cannon, Nebelwerfers, Panther tank turrents, and self-contained MG Panzernest pill boxes.   64 pages, 7.3 x 9.8 inch.  Osprey Pub Co, 2006.

See other Osprey Publications listed after next category.

"A Bell for Adano" - by Pulitzer-prize winner John Hershey. A novel about the struggles and frustrations of a military AMGOT advisor working with the Italian civilians and the local government to return life back to normal. Like the above book, I read this book as a 9th grade assignment. Alfred A. Knopf publisher- 1944.(Only novel in this list)

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Mussolini & The Fascists

"Italy Under Mussolini" - by William Bolitho.  The material of this book appeared in THE WORLD during Dec. 1925,as a series of short articles, which Mr. Bolitho was commissioned to write. Contents: Origin of Fascism, Socialism & Fascism, The Tyranny, Fascist Doctrine, Militia, Army, King, Foreign Policy, Finance, Slave State, Enemies of Fascism, Conquered South, & Fascist Internationale. 1926

"My Autobiography" - by Benito Mussolini - Forward by US ambassador to Italy, Richard Washburn Child. Published in New York in 1928, this was a purely propaganda tool by Mussolini to sway the thinking of Americans. Haven't read through the marlarky, but found an interesting comment on the troublesome state of Bosnia-Herzegovina --even back in those days. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928. 318 pages and index. Five photos- -all of Mussolini with hair. [If you want to read something more provocative, try "The Cardinal's Mistress" written by Mussolin when he was 26 years old.]  Translated by Hiram Motherwell, published by Albert & Charles Boni, 1928.

"Sacrifice on the Steppe" The Italian Alpine Corps in the Stalingrad Campaign, 942-1943.  - by Hope Hamilton.  A history of the Italian mountain troops, the Alpini, during their struggle in the frozen plains at Stalingrad.  The 2nd Alpini Division lead a group of 40,000 Italians, Germans and Romanians on a break-out from behind the Russian encirclement.  This book has some good details on the battles but  is based upon interviews with veterans.  366 pgs, 16 pages glossy photos, 4 maps.  Bibliography is mostly Italian publications.  Pub Casement.  ISBN 978-1-61200-02-2,   2011.

"Haile Selassie’s War; The Italian-Ethiopian Campaign, 1935-1941"- - by Anthony Mockler.  This book covers the Italian invasion of Ethiopia, the Italian colonial rule and the British counter-invasion 5 years later.  The author spent years studying in Italy and Ethiopia and interviewed the King Haile.  Book includes such details as a pedigree of kings and a chronology events.  454 pgs, 32 pages glossy photos, 10 maps, glossary, index & biographical index.   Random House Pub.  ISBN 0-394-54222-3, 1984.

"Lion by the Tail" - by Thomas M. Coffey.  A history of the Italian invasion of Abyssinia (or Ethiopia) in 1935-36.  369 pgs, 8 pages photos, 1 map.  Viking Press.  ISBN 670-42965-1,   1974.

"The Ciano Diaries" -by Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs. Ciano was an Italian diplomat from 1938 to 1943 and was married to Mussolini's daughter. After his arrest by Gestapo, he added an epilogue to his diaries before his execution. His wife smuggled the manuscript out to the world press. There are some interesting in-sights of the dealings with Italy, Germany, Russia and Poland. The most interesting item of this book is the DRAMATIS PERSONAE at the front that identifies about 500 political, governmental, and military figures. Edited by Hugh Gibson, 584 pages, Doubleday & Co., 1945.

"Mussolini, The Wild Man of Europe" - John Bond. An early exposition written during a time when Mussolini had 41 published biographies that contained a lot of hype and propaganda. The author quotes from speeches as translated by Signora Margherita Sarfatti, Mussolini's first mistress who moved to USA. 206 pages, 38 photos. Independent Publishing Co,1928.

"Fall of Mussolini" - Another book I picked up at an antique store. I have not read enough of it to determine if it is well documented. It says it is about the last days of Mussolini but it does go back and explains what lead up to his overthrow in 1943. Appendix contains a list of key names and places. Farrar, Straus & Co., 1948.

"Benito Mussolini" - by Christopher HIbbert.   A biography of Mussolini that focuses mainly on the years as ruler.  The first chapter covers the first 30 years of his life up to 1912.  Includes a family genealogy chart and nice glossy photos.  368 pages, Northumberland Press Limited, 1962.

"Il Duce: The Rise & Fall of Benito Mussolini" - by Richard B. Lyttle.   This book is the newest of the biographies of Mussolini and is a good general history that uses most of the above reference books about him.  A high-school leve book that is easy to read.  213 pages, Antheneum Macmillian Publishing, 1987.

"Dieci giorni di guerra (Ten Days of War)"Text in Italian by Luca Valente.  A collection of information and photos relating to the last 10 days of the war in central Italy.  The author reports from the view of Italian partisans, German paratroopers, and American soldiers.  Includes 11 pages of photos and info from my website; used with my permission.  A lot of research went into this and it is well documented with notes and references.    550 pages. Photographs printed on regular paper. softbound  Cierre Edizioni, Verona, Italy.  May 2006. 

"Operation Sunrise: the Secret Surrender" - by Bradley F. Smith & Elena Aga Rossi.  This a history of the Allied effort to secure the surrender of German forces in Italy.  Secret surrender negotiations were begun between SS General Wolfe and OSS Allen Dulles.  Their progress was delayed due to several military and political events.   Bradley Smith is the author of many books on Nuremberg, ULTRA and the OSS. 234 pages with photos.  New York: Basic, 1979.  London: André Deutsch, 1979.

"One Afternoon At Mezzegra: The Story of Mussolini's Death"- - by Peter Whittle.  This is the story of the last 5 days of Mussolini, tracing the progress of his convoy and the capture of Mussolini by the 52 Girabaldi Brigade.  It is told in narrative form, which makes you wonder who was the surviving witness to some of the conversations.  195 pages. Index, 16 pages of photos. Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1969See Execution of Mussolini page.

"Benevolence and Betrayal; Five Italian Jewish Families under Fascism" - by Alexander Stille. An interesting account of five Jewish-Italian families who worked with anti-fascists forces to protect other Jews from the Nazi secret police after the Nazis occupied Italy. 365 pages, Summit publisher. 1991, Second Edition.

"The Man Who Saved Florence" - by David Tutaev.  The account of Dr. Gerhard Wolf's defiant stand against the Nazi High Command is the center of this dramatic record of a great city under siege and the fate of the Holy Trinity Bridge.  Florence was the storehouse of Renaissance art during the Nazi occupation of 1943-44.  1966.

"Mussolini's Soldiers" - by Rex Trye. A modern study of the Italian soldier during the years of Fascism in Italy. Included are some personal recollections of officers and private soldiers. Filled with museum-quality photos of equipment, uniforms and some detail drawings of weapons.  I use this as a quick reference on Italian uniforms.  167 pages, 124 B&W and 119 color photos, Motor Books Intl, 1987. ISBN 0-7603-0022-4.

Osprey Publication  - Men-At-Arms series. 
Soft-bound books that describe the uniform details with photos and illustrations and includes some history and organization.

"The Italian Army (1943-1945)" -  by Philip S. Jowett.  Osprey published a 3-part reference series on the Italian army and uniforms. Great info on organizations and uniform details.  Each booklet contains photos and color plates, 48 pages.  Very excellent source.   7.3 x 9.8 inch.  Osprey Pub Co, 2001-2002.
    -   Part I, Europe 1940-43, Series No. 340 - Describes the Italian army beginning with the war in Europe and the standard uniform issued in 1937.  Includes details of the uniforms worn in Russia.   ISBN: 1-85532-864-X.
    -   Part II, Africa 1940-43, Series No. 349  This part details the desert uniforms worn during the campaigns in Africa in 1940-1943.   ISBN: 1-85532-865-8. 
   -   Part III, Italy 1943-45, Series No. 353
  The thrid book includes the organizations and uniforms dating from the Italian surrender in 1943. This booklet covers the Italian army that remained loyal to Germans, the Italians who fought with Allies, and the partisan bands.   ISBN: 1-85532-866-6.   See uniform info at Italian Units and Organizations.

The Italian Invasion of Abyssinia, 1935-36  - by David Nicolle.   Describes the armies, uniform, equipment of the Italians and the Ethiopian soldiers.  48 pages.  1997.   ISBN: 1-85532-692-2.
    Montgomery's Desert Army  - by John Wilkinson-Latham.   A older publication but includes details of the British army during the North African desert campaign.  40 pages.  1977  ISBN: 0 85045 250 3.

    Canadian Forces in World War II  - by Rene' Chartrand -  A good source on the Canadians that served both in Italy and France.  48 pages.  ISBN: 1-84176-302-0.
German Defences in Italy in World War II  - by Neil Short.   Detail description of the pill boxes, buried tank turrents, Panzernester, and other defences used throughout Italy.  Cross-section drawings and map of every defence line in Italy.  64 pages. 2007  ISBN: 1-84176-938-X.

  Italian Army Elite Units & Special Forces 1940-43  - by  P. Crociani & P. P. Battistelli.  A brief overview of the speical units such as the Ariete armored and the Trieste motorized divisions, the Folgore paratrooper division, the assault engineers.  Also describes the X Arditi regiment, the Monte Cervino ski battalion, Blackshirts sea-landing groups as well as some ineffective foreign troops.  This book introduces many of these units as this is a lot of material to cover in this small book.  63 pages. New  Nov 2011  ISBN: 978 1 84908 595 3. (available in e-Book)

  US Field Artillery of World War II  - by Steven J. Zaloga   A great history of the development of the various US field artillery guns from the paratrooper 105mm up to the 240mm.  Photos and illustrations cover details of all guns.  Includes a few pages on the tractors that transported the guns.  48 pages.  2007  ISBN: 978 1 84603 061 1.

  US Army Radio Operator in World War II  - by Gordon Rottman.   A very thin publication about the SCR-300 field radio.  Booklet came in the kit of a 1/16-scale BBI figure.  8 pages.  2004.

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WW2-era Pamphlets & Publications
Unit Histories & material printed at end of the war for the soldier.  Most have no publisher info or date.

"85th Infantry Division; Minturno to the Appennines" - Printed HQ 85th Division, May 1945. A good, short history of the 85th Division with details of the different infantry regiments. Booklet printed and distributed to soldiers while in Italy. Printed on newsprint, they tend to yellow with age. Size: 6 X 5 inch, 88 pages. I've obtained an unofficial "Supplement" to this booklet that provides the history of the last few weeks of the war. The complete text of the booklet and this supplement is included on my website at 'Minturno to the Appennines'.

"We were There: From Gruber to the Brenner Pass" - History of the 88th Infantry Division. Size: 6 X 5 inch, 96 pages.   For complete contents, see 88th Infantry Division.

"The History of The First Armored Division" - Similar to the above book that was given to the soldiers of the 1st US Armored Division. Good history details. Many photos but maps have cartoon figures. Printed by Field Press Censor. The last date in text is May 2, 1945. Size: 6 X 5 inch, 64 pages. See partial text at webpage.  See '1st Armored Division'.

"The 91st Division; 1917 - 1945" - Another booklet given out to the soldiers that has a good unit history of the 91st Division.  This one only describes the combat in Italy from August 1944 up to when the booklet was published in December 1945. There is one chapter on its WW1 history.  Simple but nice maps.  Artwork of the Gothic line defenses.  83 pages.
     See 91st Division History.

"WW2 History of the 34th 'Red Bull' Division" - Another booklet issued to troops.  The 34th Division probably had the highest time in service overseas and in combat.  Therefore, their history was published in two booklets.  See "34th Infantry Division".

"The 45th Division Artillery" - Contains info on the officers and the organization of the 45th Infantry Division.  A chronology of events and 4 maps for their service in Sicily, Italy, France & Germany.  Printed on nice glossy paper with photos. Size: 5-1/4 X 7-1/4 inch, 67 pages.  SHEAF Field Press.

"Welcome to the 85th Division" - A small orientation booklet given to new recruits. Contains a brief history of the 85th Division and some advice about security and such. Printed in black with red cartoon illustrations. Size: 6 X 5 inch, 12 pages.

"Finito!; The Po Valley Campaign" - Printed HQ 15th Army Group, May 1945. A short history with maps, photos, including full page photos of several commanders. Size: 6 X 8 inch, 66 pages.

"Mission Accomplished: Africa, Sicily, Italy" - A souvenir booklet to take home to the family. Size: 10 X 7 inch, 24 pages on newspaper print.  A flashy newspaper hand-out.  Extermal Link of images of this booklet:  Mission Accomplished.

Report by The Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean to the Combined Cheifs of Staff on The Italian Campaign, 8 January 1944 to 10th May 1944 - A long title for a short softbound booklet written by General Maitland Wilson. Booklet discusses the operations and planning for Anzio. Contains some useful info on ships and British units from a British point-of-view.  43 pages. His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1946.

"A Soldier's Outline of Italian History" - Printed by Information Education Section of MTOUSA to inform the American soldier of the ancient history of Italy. Given to GI’s as a tour guide.  71 pages, 4 photos and 5 maps of Italy's states and regions. No publisher info or date (except MTOUSA would date it as WW2 booklet). Size: 6-3/4 X 4-3/4 inch.

"Souvenir Album of Rome" - A collection of 16 postcards of the sites of Rome issued to troops on their leave. Photos printed on good paper. Size: 9 X 6 inch. No publisher info or date.

"Milano; 24 Vedute Colorate"  From my Dad's collection, so I assume it is a war publication. Small foldout booklet of postcards of the sites of Milan. Photos printed in color. Text in 5 languages. Size: 3 X 4 inch. No publisher info or date.

After The Battle Magazine
UK publication available in many US bookstores.
Magazine - "After The Battle"

After the Battle is a military history magazine published quarterly in the United Kingdom by Battle of Britain International Limited.
The articles are presented in a then and now format.   Each article is illustrated by historical photographs matched with a modern-day photograph of the identical scene to show how much (or how little) things have changed. Most issues feature a major article on a specific subject, with several smaller articles. All areas of the world are written about.  Usually contains accurate details of the event and the photo---sometimes a photo that has been mis-identified in many other publications.
   List of some of the cover articles.
        #7 -  The Last Days of Mussolini
      #52 -  Anzio
      #77 - Invation of Sicily
      #94 - The Dosterler Case
      #95 - Salerno
    #129 - The Battle for Florence 
    #152 - The Liberation of Rome
Other articles
   #124  - The Capture of Mussolini's Last Residence
   #132  - Patton's Desert Training Center

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 Official Records, Maps, Photos & Other
Official Records of 328th Field Artillery- A collection of documents obtained from Archives that contains simple memos about camp routine and awards. Memos recognize soldiers awarded the Good Conduct Medal, Purple Heart, and driving certificates. I presume any higher awards had to be issued by higher headquarters. A good source for names of members of the 328th FA Battalion. Reading through these, you feel sorry for the poor clerk who typed all of this on an ole Remington. Approximately 125 pages.

Operational Reports of 328th Field Artillery- Official, monthly report of the 328th Field Artillery Battalion during the war from April 1944 to May 1945. Obtained from National Archives. Follow link to Operational Report.

Diary of Private Paul Brown, 45th Division - An unpublished diary written by a member of the Grave Registration Service of the 179th Infantry Regiment. The journal was written at Salerno, on the beaches of Anzio, and on the road to Rome, when he was transferred home in August 1944. His journal included an unofficial list of names of all the men buried by his unit. One of the 4 journals was lost. See Anzio Diary for a complete transcript.   The original journals are on loan to 45th Division Museum in Oklahoma.   Diary provided by courtesy of Paul Brown, Jr.   See Anzio KIA List.


Army Issue Maps:   For further description and photos of my map collection, go to Army Maps.
  Road Map of West Central Italy - Army Road Map subtitled "Principal Roads, Showing Fifth Army Route Numbering" and marked "Prepared by Engr. Sect. HQ Fifth Army, 25 Jan. 1944". Simple map with only towns, roads and route numbers. Map covers local area near Rome, from Naples east to Benevento and north to Carsoli.  Cheap map probably issued to all truck drivers. Previous owner noted on container that map was found on a German prisoner.  No color. Scale: 1 inch = 5 miles. Size 20 X 13-3/4 inch.1944.
   Wall Map of Italy - Large wall map of roads in Italy and includes Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica and piece of Tunsia and nothern border countries.  Map is based on Italian Touring Club Map.  Includes names of towns, routes and mileage and features such as rivers, mountain passes and topographical details. Color:  Route numbers, mileage, ocean,  mountain features & roads.  Size: 40 X  47 inches. Scale 1:100,000 (or 1cm = 10km) Printed on heavy stock. 1943.
  Italy Road Map, 1:200,000 - A set of 30 maps that cover all of Italy. Currenly have No. 2, 3, 9, 12, 15, 19. Great topography details.  Includes mileage, ID of state roads, elevation of peaks.   "A.M.S. M592 First Edition 1943" Color:  Blue ocean & roads.   Size 41 X 26 inches(includes wide bottom margin.) Scale 1:200,000 or 1cm = 20km.   Sept. 1943
   Cloth Escape Map of Italy - Rayon "silk" map entitled "AAF Cloth Map - Mediterranean Series" used by flight crews.  Marked with notes by my father in 1980s.  One side identified as "No. 4 Tyrol" includes Italy, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Czechoslavakia.  Other side, "No. 6 Balkans" is the Balkan area.  Color:  Blue ocean & roads. Size 25 X 20 inches.  Scale 1:200,000.   Sept. 1943.
  Paris to Rome - "US Army Air Forces - Special Air Navigation Chart" - A very colorful contour map of eastern Europe that covers much of Europe, including the east coast of Spain and the west coast of Albania.  The northern edge of map includes Nurnberg & Budapest and as far south as Naples.  Map is marked with railroads and mines and every air base. 
Color topographical.   Scale 1:1,000,000   March 1944
   Color Field Maps of Po Valley  -  Three late-war, 5-color field maps that are in great condition and in color.  Terrain is flat so no topography.  Roads, rivers, vegetation are in color. One includes the north part of Bologna.  Map names:  Castel Maggiore (Sht 87-I), Ariano Nel Polesine (Sht 77-1V), Argenta (Sht 88-I).  Color:  5 color. Scale: 1:50,000. Size:  24 X 20 inch (usable size 15.5 X 14.5inch)  Dated: 1944.
    Recently obtained a digital copy of a color map issued by II Corps intelligence that includes details of the German gun emplacements and mine fields located north of Monte Grande during the winter of 1944-45.
  RAF Map Series  -  A set of contour maps issued to the British Royal Air Force.  I was told that this series had 14 maps in the set and probably covered all of Italy and Corsica and maybe more.  I only have 4 of the series which are identified in pencil as 11, 12, 13, 14.  Also owner's name: "F/O J.T. Wann".  Marked "1:500,000 Europe (Air)".   Color: Terrain elevation marked pink to purple.  Green forrest, Blue ocean & Red roads.  Size:   34 X 25 inches.  Scale 1:500,000. Dated:  1942.
  Town Plan of Naples; Third Ed (corrected) July 1943,  36 - Appears to be only half a map of the Eastern part of Naples prepared by British Engineers.  Major roads & building complexes, such as hospital, factories, etc. are named.   "Reproduced by 19 Field Survey Coy, R.E. Nov 1944" Color:  Blue river & roads.  City is shaded grey, streets not identified.  Large buildings are black.   Size 35 X 25 inches. Scale 1:10,000  or 1 cm = 100meters. 1944
   Town Plan of Florence - Detail map of the city.   "Reproduced by II Map Reproduction Sec. R.E. Oct 1943"   2 Color: Blue rivers.  Size 30 X 25 inches. Scale 1:10,000  or 1 cm = 100meters. 1944
    Red Cross Map of 5th Army Rest Center  - Florence.  A simple paper map given to soldiers by the Red Cross.  The streets are noted in detail and 56 tourist sites are marked with an index number. Reverse is printed with scenes of 7 sites.  Folds into convinent pocket size.  Size 16-1/2  X 12 inches. Scale 1:16,000.

Army Group Photographs:
Photograph of Battery B, 328th Field Artillery - A wide-angle group photo of Battery B of 328th Field Artillery Battalion taken at Fort Dix, NJ just prior to departure for North Africa on December 24, 1943. This photo can be found on my web page at Battery B.
Photograph of Battery C, 328th Field Artillery - A wide-angle group photo of members of Battery C, 328th Field Artillery Battalion taken at Fort Dix, NJ. Wearing dress uniforms.  See Battery C.
Photograph of HQ Battery, 328th Field Artillery - A wide-angle group photo of Headquarters Battery of 328th Field Artillery Battalion taken at Fort Dix, NJ just prior to departure for Italy.  Officers are in fatigues & helmets and enlisted are in dress uniforms.  Photo has darkened with age and has some cracks and tears.  This photo can be found on my web page at Battery HQ.
Photograph of Company C, 310th Combat Engineer Battalion - A wide-angle group photo of members of Company C, 310th Combat Engineer Battalion taken at Camp Shelby, MS in February 1943. Wearing dress uniforms. This photo can be found on my web page at Company C.
Photograph of Company D, 337th Infantry Regiment - An informal group photo of Company D taken at Belluno, Italy after the war ended.  Company is posed with their guidon in front of Enlisted Men's club.  Enough detail to recognize faces.  This photo can be found on my web page at Company D.

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General WW2 Manuals & Reference Material

Army Field Manual
Field Manuals were issued in two sizes: small pocket size and the 9 X 6 inch size.  These are arranged in numerical order.

   FAB Book 20  - Field Artillery - Military Fundamentals - This manual begins with a history of each war the US Army has fought.  Includes general organization of US Army, drill for dismounted and mounted units and units of various sizes.  Ends with chapters on medical and sanitation.  B&W Photos of the early guns, mostly of French design.  392 pages. (9 X 6 in) 1935.
   FAB Book 200  - Field Artillery  - The Battery Detail (75-mm Gun)This is the book I've been searching for that explains everything about plotting targets and OP on maps.  Covers the basics of plotting from maps and photos.  Includes details about optical instruments for observation and ranging, with photos and diagrams.  More details on communications and laying of ground phone lines.  269 pages.  (9 X 6 in) 1939.
  FAB Book 223 - Field Artillery Elementary Tactics  - The basic handbook for the artilleryman.  Topics include organization, definitions, deployment, signal communications(including laying of ground lines). General definitions.  Appendix includes symbols and table of organizations for various types of infantry, armored and artillery units.    363 pages.  (9 X 6 in) 1942.
   FM 5-230 - Topographic Drafting - This is an instructional book used to teach how to draft maps.  It begins with the basics of lettering and illustrates drafting tools. Then it gets into very technical details on photogrammetry and photo-mechanical mapping, restitution and photo offset.  Section IX is on mapping coordinates and zones and the Army use of maps in the field. Pages 300,  20 fold-out pages in back with maps and symbols and photo mosaics + a pair of 3-D glasses.   Nov 1940
  FM 6-40 - Field Artillery Field Manual - Firing  -  Quoting introduction - 
   "Scope - This chapter covers duties of personnel of the battery(except those duties prescribed for the service of the piece) and prescribes fire commands with explanation of their execution. It governs primarily the division artillery, but with obvious modifications applies to all types and calibers."   Small (4-1/2 X 7) 198 page booklet. US Govt Printing Office 1939.
    FM 17-33  - Armored Force Field Manual - The Armored Battalion, Light & Medium.  Small manual on the tactical employment of light and medium armored battalions.  Contains sketchs and shaded drawings of tactical situations, including exploding tanks and attacking aircraft. Pages 135. (8-1/2 X 5-1/2)  September 18, 1942
  FM 21-100 - Basic Field Manual: Soldier's Handbook -  Basic handbook for the soldier with details about equipment and packs, weapon, first aid.  Some info on drill and tactical maneuvers. Pages 251, with photos and sketches. (4-1/2 X 6-1/2) June 1944.
  FM 21-105 - Basic Field Manual: Engineer Soldier's Handbook - Everything for the combat engineer; such as how to use a axe & shovel, demolitions, construction of bunkers, Bailey bridges, and even runway construction. Pages 198, with photos and sketches. (4-1/2 X 6-1/2) June 2, 1943.
  FM 5-35 - Reference Data: Corps of Engineers -  A detailed handbook for the combat engineer with drawings and data tables for constructing pontoon bridges and road work.  Info on strength of steel and wood construction material.  Pages 263, with sketches. (4-1/2 X 6-1/2) June 1944.
   FM 21-25  - Elementary Map and Aerial Photograph Reading -  A useful training aide for maps and use of map coordinates and the compass.  Very simple.  Example, it will have a sketch of a swamp and the map symbol for the same.  116 pages. Small Format. War Department. August 1944.
           Cover stamped: “Battery D, 182d BTN Gun 90mm, Akron, Ohio”.
  FM 30-39 - Military Intelligence - Identificaion of Italian Aircraft - Basic Field Manual used to train soldiers and airmen on aircraft recognition.  Manual identifies 44 different Italian airplanes with a photo, silhouettes and statistics.    91 pages.  War Deptartment.  May 1941
   TM 1-205 - Air Navigation -  Basic instructions on dead reckoning and radio navigation for the Army aviator. Contains photos of basic navigation instruments. Pages 298. (8-1/2 X 5-1/2) Nov 25, 1940
   TM 5-240 - Aerial Phototopography - Complex art of transferring photographs into maps.  Photos of equipment used in the photo labs.  Table of altitudes and corresponding map scale.  111 pages.  Large format. War Department.  May 1942
   TM 11-272 - Radio Sets SCR-210-A, -B, …-J and Radio Sets SCR-245-A, -B….-P.    Detail description of FM radio with photos of one installed in a command car.  Includes wiring diagrams. 156 Pages. Feb 23, 1942
  TM 11-450 - Training of Signal Communication Personnel - A guide for officers who train signal personnel.  Examples of training, reports and material.  74 pages. (9 X 6 inch) March 1942.  Cover stamped: “Battery D, 182d BTN Gun 90mm, Akron, Ohio”.
  TM 20-230 - Logarithmic, Trigonometric, and Mathematical Tables for Artillery - Full of tables and instruction on how to use them, but very little insight into artillery. (9 X 6 inch) October 1944
   TM 30-303 - Italian: A Guide to Spoken Language  - Small (4 X 5-1/2) booklet with Italian words and phrases. Pages 61. Nov 19June 2, 1943.
   FAB 120 – Field Artillery - Automotive Instructions.  1941 Edition.   Classroom instructions for auto mechanics.  One chapter includes photos and description of all the trucks used by field artillery.   404 pages & appendix.
  Drill & Ceremonies for Field Artillery -  Ceremony Drill for mounted and motorized light artillery.  Includes aquestrian details and uniform details as well as care of the Model 1911 pistol.  534 pages  Mar 1941
 "Notes on Map Reading"Appears to be a British field manual but it may be a commercial publication as there are a few pages with advertisements.  A good instructioinal booklet on all aspects of reading topographical maps.  95 pages with 9 fold-out color maps.  Issued by the War Office in 1929. Reprinted with ammendments in 193

"The Biographical Dictionary of WW2" -  Mark M. Boatner III.  Biographical sketches of various military and political personalities of WW2.  No photos.  733 pages, with 67 page Glossary and a Bibliography.  Presidio Press 1996,  Softbound.  ISBN 0-89141-624-2.

"Army Badges and Insignia of WW2" - Guido Rosignoli. A small reference book of patches, insignia, rank badges of uniforms from the European countries involved in WW2. Includes some history of uniform and patches in text. Color drawings. 1972. See other book by Rosignoli.

"A Guide to The Regiments and Corps of the British Army on the Regular Establishment" -  J. M. Brereton.   A handy guide listing the battle honors for the British regiments.  For each regiment in the 1980’s, it lists the titles, battle honors, uniform, marches and nicknames.  For that regiment, it also covers each earlier regiment.  For some regiments it gives general campaigns of WW2; others may list each battle.   Hardback, 288 pages.  The Bodley Head Ltd. 1985  ISBN 0-370-30578-7.

Officer's Guide - Published by the Military Service Publishing Co.; 1943. Hardbound with dust jacket. Learn everything from orientation, uniforms, pay and allowances, forms, and much more related to the military -- as it was back then. Hardbound, 9th edition.

AAF -The Official Guide to the Army Air Corps - A booklet published for Army Air Corps personnel that provides into on the USAAF and details of Staff and aircraft and history of air war. Many photos, sketches and diagrams. 375 pages. Special Edition Printing June 1944.  Original Printing, May 1944.

A Guide to U.S. Army Insignia and Decorations - by Gordon A. J. Petersen. A small  pocket-size, hardback booklet with color drawings of  insignias, patches and decorations.  62 pages and 160 illustrations. Copyright by Whitman Publishing Co., Revised Edition - 1942.

What's That Plane, How to Identify American and Jap Airplanes - Each page contains a black silhouette of aircraft and opposite page describes its "recognition points", such as type of wing, shape of cowling, etc.  A few photos. Peguin Books of NY. Eighth Printing, May 1943.

"Up Front" & "This Damn Tree Leaks" - by Bill Mauldin.   Bill's excellent work of his cartoons and observations as a member of the 45th Division and a writer for "Stars and Stripes".   He recently passed away on January 23, 2003.  First Edition - 1943 & 1945.  

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Oct. 10, Sunday, 1943
Their shells are dropping between 200-300 yards.  Our  nerves are jumpy.  You should see my foxhole!  The Lord  better be on our side tonight or you will never see me.  We buried a few more of our boys today.  Are sure of  many more tomorrow.  Tis all.
                  from un-published diary of Private Paul Brown
               Grave Registration Service, 179th Regiment, 45th Division