MENU SELECTION:  The Italian Campaign At The Front Books Armies Maps 85th Division GI Biographies Websites

Dated:  August 25, 2009

    The following are a collection of statistics on the cost of the war in Italy in man-power, casualties, and equipment, including some minor facts about logistics. 

   Note:  "Casualties" refers to the total number of men that were killed, wounded and missing in action. 

Troop Strength

Number of Divisions in Italy                                                                    SYMBOL =  1  DIVISION
Oct 1943


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Spring 1944


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Summer 1944  German


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Fall 1944


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Spring 1945   


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NOTE:  German divisions were not up to full strength after Spring 1944.
           Spring 1945, Allies strength was equal to the Germans and Italians but the Allies had the
           advantage of armor, air power and fresh troops.

       "War in Italy, 1943-1945" - by  Field Marshall Lord Carver.
       "15th Army Group History: 16 December 1944 - 2 May 1945" - Battery Press, 1989.
       "Cassino to the Alps", by Ernest F. Fisher, Jr.;  US Army in WW2 History Series, 1977


The Italian Campaign -  9 Sept 1943 -- 2 May 1945
  Days in Combat = 601
   27 Divisions served under the 5th Army command at one time or another.
   Enemy POW's = 212,112

5th Army Casualties in Italy -  9 Sept 1943 -- 2 May 1945

KIA WIA MIA Sub-Total Effecitve
Strength 1
19,475 80,530 9,637 109,642 179,312 144,879
   British 6,605 29,977 10,870 47,452 48,818 67,451
   Brazilian 275 1,901 235 2,211 14,841 3,989
290 770 510 1,570 31,134 1,909
   French  3 5,241 20,847 1,583 27,671 ----
31,886 133,825 22,835 188,546 274,105 218,228
 Notes:  This data is for only the US and foriegn troops that served under the command of the 5th Army.
Effective Strength as of 2 May 1945.
Total Replacements during this period.
3  French troops were transferred out of the Italian Campaign.

Operation  DIADEM    May 11 - May 16, 1944                                                SYMBOL = 1000 MEN
US Fifth Army 17,931 Chart symbolChart symbol ..Chart symbolsymbolChart SymbolChart Symbol
British 8th Army 11,639  Chart symbolChart symbol. .Chart SymbolChart Symbol
German Army 38,000  SymbolSymbol.. SymbolSymbol
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German PWs 15,606 SymbolSymbol. .Symbol
PWs = Prisoners of War

  Losses of II Corps -  3,000 men; 1,100 were from 85th 'Custer' Division. 

Casualty Facts & Figures

Salerno Landing  - Sept 9 -16, 1943
   British X Corps      531 KIA    1,915 WIA    1,561 MIA
   U.S.  VI Corps        225 KIA       835 WIA        589 MIA
    British deployed twice as many troops as the Americans

Rapido River - Jan 1944.  In forty-eight hours the 141st and 143d Infantry regiments of the 36th "Texas" Division had suffered 2,128 casualties: 155 KIA, 1,052 WIA, and 921 MIA. Enemy losses were negligible.

Anzio Landing  - Jan 22, 1944
   Amphibious Force:   50,000 men and 5,200 vehicles
                                27 Infantry Battalions (or about the size at Salerno)
    Total Landed by Midnight:  36,034 troops and 3,067 vehicles.
    Allied Casualties - 1st Day:  KIA 13,   WIA 97,   MIA 47.

  Anzio Campaign   Jan - March 1944
During the four months of the Anzio Campaign the Allied VI Corps suffered over 29,200 combat casualties (4,400 KIA, 18,000 WIA, 6,800 MIA) and 37,000 noncombat  casualties. Two-thirds of these losses, amounting to 17 percent of VI Corps' effective strength, were inflicted between the initial landings and the end of the German counteroffensive on 4 March. Of the  combat casualties, 16,200 were Americans (KIA 2,800, WIA 11,000, MIA 2,400) as were 26,000 of the Allied noncombat casualties*.
* During WW2, casualty figures for non-combat would sometimes almost equal to the combat casualties.

Statistics for British 1st Division at Anzio, over 6 months
  Officers                100 KIA         295 WIA
  Enlisted Men     1,030 KIA     4,653  WIA

Statistics for casualties in 4 months among Medical personnel:  KIA 92 (including 6 nurses); WIA 367; MIA or PW 79.

 German losses after 2 days of heavy fighting for control of Anzio.
        KIA 188,   WIA 465,  MIA 443  (mostly from Herman Goering Division)

Cassino -  Allies intelligence estimated the casualty rate for one month(Jan?) as  800 Officers & 1480 men.
              For month of April & May:  10,000 men per month.

  Sicily Friendly Fire - July 11, 1943 -  144  C-47 troop a/c carrying 2,060 paratroopers of the US 82nd Airborne Division was fired on by about 5000 guns from friendly ships off the coast.  Resulted in 229 casualties, 23 a/c destroyed and 37 a/c badly damaged.
    Same period, the British sent 144 gliders into Sicily.  70 gliders fell short of coast into the sea.  Only 87 paratroopers reached their objective.

German Cemeteries  -  German troops buried at these cemeteries:
   Pomezia German Cemetery      27,432 buried
   Cassino Cemetery                     20,043  buried

  "Monte Cassino", by David Hapgood, 1984
  "Bloody River; The Real Tragedy of Rapido", by Martin Blumenson, 1970
   "Fatal Decision: Anzio and the Battle for Rome", by Carlo D'Este 
   "85th Infantry Division in World War II", by Paul L. Schultz, 1949
   "The Gothic Line", by Douglas Orgill, 1967
    "Operations in Sicily and Italy", US Military Academy, 1947



 Support Ships for amphibious landings
     Salerno     Sept 9 1943      Anzio     Jan 23, 1944
  33  British LCT's   56th British Div
  33  American LCT's   45th British Div
  34  LCI's

   VI Corps & 36th Div
   9  APA (attack transports)
   4  AKA (attack cargo)
   3  Brit LST

   3  Light Cruisers
  11  Destroyers
   8  Mine sweepers
   1  Brit Fighter-direction ship

    2 Command ships
    5 Cruisers
   24  Destroyers
    2  Anti-A/C ship
    2  Gunboats
   23  Mine-sweepers
   32  Sub-chasers
    6  Repair Ships
   16  Landing Craft
    4   Liberty Ships
    8   LSI
   84  LST
   96  LCI
   50  LCT
 Reference:  "Report by The Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean to the Combined Cheifs of Staff
on The Italian Campaign,
8 January 1944 to 10th May 1944", His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1946.

  General -  An army of 1/2 Million men required 68 Liberty ships of supplies to support it each Month.

 Sicily Landings - July 1943     Allied landing employed 7 Divisions with 3000 ships.

   During 121 days at Anzio,  3,801 Tons of supplies were lost due to shelling or 31.4 tons per day.
   Anzio was supplied by 1,500 Trucks(1/2-ton), or  350-400 trucks per day carriying 1750-2000 tons.

   ULTRA intercepted Gen. Kesselring's orders to Gen Mackensen on Jan 28.  From this intelligence, the Allies could gain an idea of the German armor strength at Anzio:
          25  Mark III Tanks                            20 Mark VI Tiger Tanks
          25 Assault Guns                               90 Anti-Tank Guns

  XII Air Command air power in December 1943 for use in ground attack included:
      72  B-25 and 24 A-20 bombers plus  130  A-36 and  48 P-40 fighter-bombers.

    Bombing of Cassino - Feb 15-20, 1944
       B-17   142 a/c dropped 287 Tons of 500-lb bombs & 600 Tons of 100-lb incendary bombs.
       B-25   47 a/c  and   B-26   40 a/c  dropped 100 Tons of High Explosives.

    Bombing of town of Cassino - March 15, 1944
       338 Heavy bombers and 176 Medium bombers dropped 1,100 Tons of bombs.
       300 Fighter Bombers
       280  Fighters flew cover
       610 Artillery guns fired 1200 tons of shells.

    Artillery Barrage of Cassino- Feb 15-20, 1944 -    2500 Tons of Artillery fired
     or 3 Tons of bombs for each German paratrooper killed defending Cassino.
   (This ratio may be mis-leading.  I don't know if this figure covers the bombs dropped on the Abbey of Cassino, the town of Cassino or the entire front.  If it included the bombs dropped on the Abbey, then that is why the ratio is so large; the intent of the bombing of the Abbey was to destroy the structure and not enemy troops.)

  Support for Anzio Beach -  The critical factor of the Anzio landing was the availability of landing craft, such as LST's and LCI's.  The landing craft were needed for the up-coming Normandy invasion.  The commanders tried to predict the number of LST's required to maintain the supplies on to the Anzio beachead.  During the Tunis Conference, the commanders promised to release 56 LST's back to UK by 15 January.  The Anzio landing was 22 January, which was resulted in losses of several ships and continued re-supply for a few weeks.
           Required    3000 Tons per Day
           Limited to  2500 Tons per Day based on available LST.
           Rushed      7000 Tons per Day in order to build up the supplies before LSTs returned back to UK.
           Decrease   4225 Tons per Day due to weather.

In one day, the 141st Infantry Regiment(36 Div) expended 1,500 hand grenades during an assault at Anzio.

Cassino -  After multiple air assaults and the firing of 600,000 artillery shells, the assaults on Cassino by the New Zealand Corps was halted on 23 March, 1944 that resulted in 1,316 New Zealander casualties and 3,000 Indian casualties,

    Operation DIADEM-  May 11, 1944 -  3,500 Tons of Artillery fired along the GUSTAV Line.

     Some data is from the Center for Military History website which is a summary of the US Army in WW2 publications.

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