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Dated:  Nov 5, 2015

WW1 Aviation Photo Gallery

     This page contains a few photos I've collected that relate to WW1 airplanes and militaria.  Some are photos I've taken at museums.  Some photos are thumbnails; click on photo to bring up the full photo.

                 Hanroit HD-1 in Belgian Air Service.
    Made in France but used by Italians and Belgians.  Looks like a Nieuport, except for dihedral of top wing.  The Thistle was the insignia of the 9th Escadrille, which used green and white patterns on the cowl and /or horizontal tail for personal markings.  Hanroit was favorite mount of Willy Coppens.  (Photo supplied by an email contact in a Belgian Soaring Club.)

                      Hanroit HD-1 in United States Service.
     I never thought I would get to see one, but here is the proof.  This photo was taken at US Navy Museum at Pennsacola, FL.  After the War, the US purchased some Hanroit HD-1.  This USN paint scheme and a photo is shown in the Profile Publications No. 109.

Captain Frederick W. Gillet was an American native of Baltimore, MD and attended Univ. of Virginia.  He joined the British RAF and flew with Squadron No. 79.  Gillet was the 2nd highest ranking American ace behind Eddie Rickenbacker with 20 confirmed victories.  He held the highest score of any pilot flying the late-model Sopwith Dolphin 5F.1.

Major Gervais Raoul Lufbery was born of an American father.  This allowed him to join other American volunteers who established France's Lafayette Escadrille.   His score of 16 kills makes him as the highest ranking ace of the Lafayette Escadrille.  Transferred to the 94th Aero Squadron(US), he trained a number of fledgling American pilots, such as Rickenbacker.  He was shot down on May 19, 1918.  He is shown here in his French uniform & medals.

Sopwith Triplane  This aircraft began a phase of developement of a light, agile airframe with three wings that provided extraordinary lift and turn capabilities.  The British Navy traded all their available SPAD VII for promise of delivery of all triplanes on order by Royal Flying Corps.

Bristol F.2B "Brisfit"  A replica in post war grey that was owned by a local FedEx pilot.
The first 2-seat aircraft to successfully perform in role of a fighter.  Note twin Lewis guns in rear-facing gunner's seat.  (Yours truly wearing a Russian Air Force visor cap.)

Pilot's Badges of German Allies
{Click on picture to enlarge}

 1. German Pilot's Badge                   Note differences in crowns.
 2. Bavarian Pilot's Badge
  3. Prussian Observer's Badge

Yugoslavian Pilot's & Observer's Badge  {Click on picture to enlarge}
  With Yugoslavia in the news, I thought this would be an interesting item. Note the crest.  The round piece under the crown is the attaching device on back.  I was told this was an early WW1 example of Yugoslavian pilot's badge even though that country was not formed until after WW1.

          Oswald Boelcke {Click on picture to enlarge}
   First German ace.
Died on October 28, 1916, when his Albatros D-II collided with the undercarriage of his wing man's aircraft, causing his upper wing to collapse. Attained 40 victories.  He wrote the following dicta(at bottom of page) for the fighter pilots he trained.

          Rittmeister Manfred Frieherr von Richthofen {Click on picture to enlarge}
 Leading ace of WW1.  This photo was included to illustrate his uniform. Since most air forces were still in their infancy and an arm of the army, there was no distinctive uniform.  Therefore, a pilot usually retained the uniform and rank of his prior service.  Baron von Richthofen had been a member of 1st Regiment of Uhlans (or Lancers)  - thus his double-breasted coat, shown above.  The rank of Rittmeister in the Uhlans translates as "riding master" and was equivalent to a Captain.  His title of royalty was 'Frieherr' or Baron.


Dicta Boelcke

      1.  Always try to secure an advantageous position before attacking. Climb before and during the approach in order to surprise the enemy from above, and dive on him swiftly from the rear when the moment to attack is at hand. 
      2.  Try to place yourself between the sun and the enemy. This puts the glare of the sun in the enemy's eyes and makes it difficult to see you and impossible for him to shoot with any accuracy. 
      3.  Do not fire the machine guns until the enemy is within range and you have him squarely within your sights. 
      4.  Attack when the enemy least expects it or when he is preoccupied with other duties such as observation, photography or bombing. 
      5.  Never turn your back and try to run away from an enemy fighter. If you are surprised by an attack on your tail, turn and face the enemy with your guns. 
      6.  Keep your eye on the enemy and do not let him deceive you with tricks. If your opponent appears damaged, follow him down until he crashes to be sure he is not faking. 
      7.   Foolish acts of bravery only bring death. The Jasta must fight as a unit with close teamwork between all pilots. The signal of its leaders must be obeyed. 

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