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Dated:  Jan 31,  2008


HISTORY OF THE
THREE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-EIGHT FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT
WORLD WAR I
    After the declaration of war by the United States on 6 April 1917, the War Department ordered the 85th Infantry Division activated at Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Michigan. Thus the 85th Division became known as the "Custer Division." On 5 August 1917, the 85th Division was established as part of the National Army and promptly began a period of organization and training for action in World War I that was to last until 10 July 1918. 
   The 328th Field Artillery was mobiled on September 1, 1917, as part of the 85th 'Custer' Division under the command of Major Lewis R. Dougherty. The 328th Field Artillery was a Regiment (75 MM) and part of the 160th Field Artillery Brigade.
   After eleven months of training, the 85th Division received its movement orders early in July 1918. The 328th Field Artillery Regiment traveled to Camp Mills for last minute preparations for embarking overseas.  On 30 July, 1918, they sailed on the HMS Mauretania and arrived in Liverpool, England, on 6 August 1918.  Traveling across England, they boarded the USS Narragansett for a short voyage cross the English Channel on the 9th.
   While in England, they learned that the 85th Division would not see action as a division.  The 339th Infantry Reegeiment and the 1st Battalion of the 310th Engineers were sent to Russia.  The remaining units were destined to go to France to function under the jurisdiction of the S.O.S., as the Fourth Depot Division.
    In France, the 328FA marched and moved to various locations.  The regiment was attached to the 167th Artillery Brigade of the 92nd Infantry Division(Colored).  They were assigned a position in the front lines and on 5th November, the regiment fired their guns at the Germans for the first time.  At 3:00pm on the 6th, they fired a salvo as the 92nd Division launched an attack on the town of Nonyon.  By the 10th, the regiment was moved within 1 mile from the front line, where they were converted into heavy infantry.  The next day, they received the news of the German surrender.
    The 328FA remained in France as part of an occupation force.  They were transformed into the 127th Provisional Regiment under the command of Lt.-Colonel Dunn, as part of the support of the 55th and 34th Infantry of the 7th Infantry Division.  Later, they were assigned to the 91st Infantry Division and finally reunited with the 85th Infantry Division. 
   On 9 March 1919, they began their trip home from Camp D'Auvours, Belgium.  Traveling by train and hiking, they reached the Forwarding Camp, 5km south of LeMans on the 10th.  The next day, they hiked to Brest and after dinner hiked 5km to Camp Pontaneezan.  There they boarded the HMS Ulua on 23 March, 1919 and were homeward bound.  Returning to New York, they rested at Camp Mills before returning to Camp Custer, Michigan.
   Following demobilization after the close of World War I, the 85th Division was constituted as an element of the Organized Reserves on 1 October 1921, with headquarters at Detroit, Michigan.

References:    Click for more info on References, below.
        "Doings of Battery B, 328th FA, A.E.F." by Edward Barry, published 1920. 
         "Red Guidon; 328 FA"  published in 1920, 128 pages.
        "The 85th Custer Division in WW2" by Schultz,
        Official orders from 328th Field Artillery, obtained from the National Archives(see below).


The following is a list of officers found in noted reference.  The exact date of this command is not known. 
Notice that a regiment was organized into 2 battalions of 4 batteries each.



328th Field Artillery Command
World War 1


  Commander:      Colonel Frank E. Hopkins  (Sept 2, 1917 – Feb 10, 1919)
                           Colonel Claudius M. Seaman  (Feb 2, 1918 to muster out)
                            Lt-Colonel Guy A. Wainwright  (No 18,1918 to April 24, 1919)
  Regimental Adjutant:   Victor I. Minnahan
  Personal Adjutant:   Villiam H. Fiske
  Medical Detachment:   Major Homer S. Hewitt
              First Battalion:   Captain Herbert W. Landon
              Second Battalion:   1st Lt Thomas G. Amos
              Dental:    Captain Herbert Schiewtz
     
   1st Battalion Commander:  Major Grover C. Zimmerman
                              Adjutant:  Capatin James G. Hays
   2nd Battalion Commander:  Major Emmet A. Donnelly
                              Adjutant:  Captain Edmund Fitzgerald

  Battery Commanders:
             Battery A - Captain Warren C. Heustis
             Battery B - Captain Sid. C. Cherrill
             Battery C - Captain Robert R. Hutchison
             Battery D - Captain Richard N. Holmes
             Battery E - Captain John E. Johnston
             Battery F - Captain Christopher S. Spofford
              
     Regimental Sergeant-Majors
           Evart H. Reid        Harry A. Plaxton     Theo. F. Vogel     George L. Young
     Regimental Supply Sergeants
          Miles A. Nelson      Harold P. McLean      Blain Shimmel
     Battalion Sergeant-Majors
            1st Battalion:  Alexander Vigneron &         2nd Battalion:  Carl D. Leonard
   
_____________
References: 
"Doings of Battery B, 328th FA, A.E.F." by Edward Barry, published 1920.



 

    Photo from World War I 

Photo of Roman Rajewski, who was a member of the 328th Field Artillery, Battery A.

Roman Rajewski, lived in Chicago area when the war began.  He was a member of the 328th Field Artillery when it left for England and then served in France and Belguim. 
After the war, I think he returned to Poland.  He had 3 children and 8 grand-children.
 
 

Photo shows him wearing the standard  WW1 uniform with the stiff collar and leggings.


This photo and one at top of page provided courtesy of Krzysztof Roman Kupinski of Konin, Central Poland; the  grandson of Roman Rajewski.


  
Photo at Top of page -  approximately 40 men in formation.
Photo shows the Battery A of 328th Field Artillery, taken during their training at Camp Custer, Michigan, 1917.  The soldiers are wearing heavy, winter overcoats and WW1 campaign hats.

   At first, I thought the "X" was the crossed cannons on an artillery flag in the background. Then I realized it was a mark on the photo to identify Roman Rajewski
   A little note: an old trick we used in my college drill team for taking photos was to have the group stand on one leg and pretend to be marching.  The soldiers in this photo are obviously standing on one leg to pose for this old camera.

        
Men of the 328FA

Photo of  men of Battery B in 1918.
From book  "Doings of Battery B, 328th FA, A.E.F."
General Kennedy - Commander of 85th Infantry Division

    General Chase Kennedy
Commander of 85th Infantry Division in 1919.
From book  "Red Guidon; 328th FA"


Canteen from wW1

A 1918 Canteen with a cover identified as 328FA.

Label is marked with Crossed Cannon and
328 X  D  U.S.  7
for 328 FA, Battery D, Section 7.


Label reads:  328 D U.S.





References of 328FA in World War 1


"Doings of Battery B: 328FA, A.E.F."
     

"Doings of Battery B; 328th FA, A.E.F."
          
by Edward Barry, published 1920. 


  A personal account of Battery B during their serivce in Europe.  Contains many personal accounts including a story about each soldier of the battery.  Many great sketches that have names printed to identify the caricature.


Sketch of Officers driving a Cannon
   


"Red Guidon: 328FA"
    


"Red Guidon; 328 FA" 
          
published in 1920

     
128 pages with photos of Officers and 2-page fold-out photos of each Battery.  Roster of every member with rank and home town.   Includes a chronology of events that occurred during their training and overseas service.  Most sketches are buildings in France but includes a few sketches of soldier's life; drill, delousing, washing clothes,    A few pages have a group of photos from training and from France that are arranged as a scrap book; but the images are very small.





 

              

Re-Activation for World War 2

THREE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-EIGHT FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALION
RE-ACTIVATION AND ORGANIZATION FOR WWII

This brief history of 328th FA Battalion is from the official files of the 328th FA that was included in the collection of documents obtained from National Archives.  It describes the formation and training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.  


Camp Shelby, Mississippi

THREE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-EIGHT FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALION

   Upon reorganization and reactivation of the 85th Infantry Division as a Triangular Division, the 328th Field Artillery became a Battalion. In World War 1, the 328th Field Artillery was a Regiment (75 MM) and part of the 160th Field Artillery Brigade. The 328th Field Artillery Regiment in World War I saw action with the l67th Field Artillery Brigade, which was a part of the 92nd Division.

   Reactivation of the 85th Infantry Division with the 328th Field Artillery Battalion as one of the three light (105 MM How) battalions of the Division Artillery, was accomplished officially on May 15, 1942. The officer cadre consisted of Lt. Col. Rex E. Chandler, Battalion Commander, Major William A. Harris, Executive Officer, and the following officers as Battery Commanders: 
                   1st Lieutenant Charles L. Badger, Headquarters Battery
                  Captain James S. McAnulty, "A" Battery
                  Captain Wilson Sifford, "B" Battery
                  1st Lieutenant George P. Biggs, "C" Battery
                  Captain Henry F. Bacon, Service Battery

The Enlisted Cadre were personally selected by Brigadier General, J. W. MacKelvie from the 2nd Infantry Division, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Under the determined guidance of Col. Chandler, the entire cadre upon arrival at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, April 15, 1942, immediately started preparation for the training program that was to make the 328th Field Artillery Battalion a unit that could carry out its mission in modern warfare.

    An addition complement of officers for the Division Artillery reached Camp Shelby on April 25, 1942. The next day, April 26, 1942, the 328th Field Artillery Battalion received 20 of these officers who were immediately assigned to the various duties of a Field Artillery Battalion. Training for the enlisted Cadre had begun on April 15, 1942 and Officers Classes started on April 27, 1942. Intensive training both day and night was conducted for both Officers and Enlisted Men to prepare them for the task of shaping the raw recruits into Artillerymen. May 15, 1942 was the official date of the activation of the 85th Infantry Division and the 328th Field Artillery Battalion. The same date, saw the arrival of the first recruits. The new soldiers were assigned in irregular sized groups to the 328th Field Artillery Battalion from that date (May 15, 1942) to June 1, 1942.

    The training program began June 8, 1942. As planned, it covered a 17 week period from June 9, 1942 to October 3, 1942. The period of six weeks from June 8 to July 18 was devoted to Section Training, the seven week period from July 20 to September 5 to Battery Training and the four week period from September 7 to October 3 to Review and Tests. Use of the Group Training plan to begin instruction in basic training during the organization period May 15 to June 1 put the Battalion approximately two weeks ahead of the regular training schedule. Subjects taught were those prescribed by the Unit Training Program Field Artillery (UTPFA) and the 85th Division memoranda with necessary modifications as the training progressed.

    Additional officers, graduates of the Field Artillery Officer Candidate School arrived in June and July to make the Battalion over-strength in preparation for a cadre. The Battalion Executive Officer, Major Harris, left the Battalion on August 4, 1942 and on August 8, 1942, Lt. Col. Chandler departed upon orders from the War Department. Major Emmette Y. Burton, Jr., transferred from the 910th Field Artillery Battalion, assumed command of the 328th on August 8, 1942.

   In October, the 328th Field Artillery Battalion was called upon to furnish a cadre of Officers and Enlisted Men. Previous to this cadre, several of the officers had showed their abilities and had received promotions. Likewise promotions came to the Enlisted Men for their showing of ability and hard work. In addition to the Cadre losses of Enlisted Men, there were many other losses, such as transfers, discharges, and Officer Candidate schoo1s. Those losses were in such a number that replacements of raw recruits in October and November were made. A separate training program for these men was started in order not to interfere with the more advanced program of the rest of the battalion.

   At the end of the 17 week training period in October, the Battalion was then ready to begin in its more advanced phase of training. A Physical Toughening program which, started at the beginning of the training, was becoming more intense as the Battalion progressed. During October, November, and December, the battalion was in its third phase of training. Preparation for and the actual participation in of AGF tests constituted the main effort of the officers and men during the last three months of 1942. Results of the tests showed a high degree of proficiency in training, which in turn reflected the hard work of the commanders concerned, the officers, and enlisted men.

   Strength as of Midnight, December 31, 1942 showed the 328th Field Artillery Battalion with 36 Officers, 1 Warrant Officer, and 582 Enlisted Men.

               Approved Emmette Y. Burton, Jr. (Handwritten)
              Lt. Col., 328th F.A. Bn


See complete history of Camp Shelby, go to Camp Shelby .
 


 


Return to Top Menu of WW1 History of 328th FA (THIS PAGE).

For other documents from 328th FA, go to Operational Report of 328th FA.

See Desert Warfare Center where divisions were sent for desert combat training in Southern California.